COMPARISON OF VITAMIN D AND LIPID PROFILE BETWEEN RURAL AND URBAN POPULATION

  • Sana Rasheed Ameer Ud Din Medical College, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Shafiq Department of Physiology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Oneeb Sanaullah Department of Physiology, Ameer Ud Din Medical College, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sadia Chiragh Department of Pharmacology Ameer Ud Din Medical College, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Vitamin D, Ultraviolet rays, Rural, Urban, Lipid profile

Abstract

Background: The two major sources of vitamin D are food and sunlight. Uncontrolled urbanization leads to undue air pollution which may lead to increased prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among the urban population. This study was designed to compare the levels of serum vitamin D and lipid profile in adequately sun exposed population of rural and urban areas. Methods: This study was conducted on 80 male participants. Group 1 (n=40) comprised of rural residents and group 2 (n=40) of urban residents, all with adequate and equal exposure to sunlight. Serum vitamin D levels were measured using ELISA. Lipid profile was measured using enzymatic colorimetric methods. Results: In rural group, sixteen participants (40%) had sufficient whereas 24 (60%) had insufficient vitamin D. No participant was found to be in deficient category. In urban group one participant (2.5%) was found in deficient and one (2.5%) in sufficient categories whereas 38 (95%) were found to be in insufficient category. The difference in frequency was found to be significant (p<0.001). Median and interquartile range of vitamin D in group 1 and II was 68 (56–54) and 49 (42–56) ηg/ml and the difference was significant (p<0.001). There was no difference between the two groups for triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins, however, high density lipoproteins were significantly lower in group II as compared to group I (39.5±7.6 vs 47.6±9.0, p<0.001). Conclusion: Urban population had lower levels of vitamin D and high-density lipoproteins as compared to rural population.

Pak J Physiol 2018;14(4):32–5

Author Biographies

Sana Rasheed, Ameer Ud Din Medical College, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan

Assistant Professor,

Ameer Ud Din Medical College,

Postgraduate Medical Institute,

Lahore, Pakistan.

Muhammad Shafiq, Department of Physiology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Associate Professor,

Department of Physiology,

Services Institute of Medical Sciences,

Lahore, Pakistan.

Oneeb Sanaullah, Department of Physiology, Ameer Ud Din Medical College, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Physiology,

Ameer Ud Din Medical College,

Postgraduate Medical Institute,

Lahore, Pakistan.

Sadia Chiragh, Department of Pharmacology Ameer Ud Din Medical College, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan

Professor,

Department of Pharmacology,

Ameer Ud Din Medical College,

Postgraduate Medical Institute,

Lahore, Pakistan.

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Published
2018-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Rasheed S, Shafiq M, Sanaullah O, Chiragh S. COMPARISON OF VITAMIN D AND LIPID PROFILE BETWEEN RURAL AND URBAN POPULATION. PJP [Internet]. 31Dec.2018 [cited 16Feb.2019];14(4):32-5. Available from: http://www.pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1023